CRC OPERATIONS REVIEW
For FY2019, the CRC Division achieved sales revenue of RM 463 million, which was RM 84 million lower than the
preceding year. The decline is mainly attributable to unfair competition caused by diversion of cheap international
CRC, into vulnerable and exposed markets such as Malaysia, due to the rise in trade protectionism in the West.
The constant dumping of CRC, into the domestic steel industry, throughout FY2019, has significantly impaired and
injured domestic CRC manufacturers, resulting in lower margins, and lower sales volume.
The CRC segment registered a pre-tax loss of RM 16.5 million for the year.
CRC's revenue for the first quarter ("Q1") was lower than the preceding quarter, with sales tonnage dipping by
11%. As a result, the segment registered a pre-tax loss of RM 2.85 million for the quarter.
STEEL TUBE OPERATIONS REVIEW
In the second quarter ("Q2"), sales revenue and tonnage increased by 6.4% and 7.4% respectively. Despite the
higher revenue and sales volume, CRC's pre-tax loss for the quarter, increased to RM 6.12 million, due to margin
erosion caused by unfair competition, from foreign CRC producers. The continued thin-to-negative spread,
between the cost of CRC's core raw material, Hot Rolled Coil ("HRC") steel sheets, and imported CRC finished
goods, severely affected domestic CRC manufacturers' sales and margins.
These negative margin spreads (i.e. where the price of CRC finished goods, is actually cheaper, than the cost of
its core HRC raw material) are caused by direct subsidies (disguised as tax rebates), by as much as 16%, given
by the China governments, for exported Chinese CRC. These subsidised Chinese CRC enter Vietnam, and are
physically swapped with Vietnamese made CRC, which are exported to Malaysia. The physical CRC entering
Malaysia, may not be Chinese made, but the Chinese subsidies, is allowing Vietnamese CRC, to be shipped to
Malaysia, at subsidised prices.
Because of this "Subsidy Pass Through" practice, the US had imposed a punitive 400% duty on Vietnamese steel
earlier this year. The "Subsidy Pass Through" is obvious, and the proactive US government has acted swiftly.
Malaysia however, still maintains a tiny 2% duty on Vietnamese steel entering Malaysia, despite repeated call-toaction
by the industry. Nevertheless, Mycron is confident that the nation's policies, will eventually be in-tune with
that of the industry, and that there is hope for the future of steel in Malaysia.
The third quarter ("Q3") was similar to Q2, as escalation of the trade war between China and the US, continue
to disrupt global commodity markets. The seasonal Chinese New Year holidays, during Q3 resulted in the CRC
Division, posting lower revenue, lower sales tonnage, and pre-tax losses of RM 6.46 million for the quarter.
In the fourth quarter ("Q4"), sales tonnage dropped by a further 8.1% to 33,839 tonnes, whilst sales revenue
dropped by 10.2% to 97.8 million. However, the segment achieved higher spread and margins for the quarter,
which resulted in an improvement over the previous quarter, reducing the pre-tax loss to RM 1.1 million.
The Steel Tube Division's revenue decreased by 5.3% to RM 260 million for FY2019, due to slowing demand for
steel pipes, caused by the soft domestic economy, halted mega projects, and the significant slowdown in the
construction sector. The rising cost of Steel Tube's key raw material (i.e. HRC) during the second half of FY2019,
due to the spike in iron ore prices, as a result of the Vale Tailings Dam Disaster, put further pressure on margins.
The tube segment registered a lower pre-tax profit of RM 7.24 million for FY2019 compared to the preceding year.
For the first financial quarter (Q1), the Steel Tube segment was relatively stable. Sales tonnage was up by 5.0% to
24,462 tonnes, compared to the previous quarter's 23,289 tonnes. Sales revenue also increased by 6.0% to RM
77.8 million (Q4 2018: RM 73.4 million). Profit Before Tax ("PBT") for the quarter increased by 78.5% to RM 4.91
million (Q4 2018: RM 2.75 million), mainly attributed to higher deliveries caused by lower sales tonnage for the
previous quarter, due to the Hari Raya Festive season in June 2018.
GLOBAL AND DOMESTIC STEEL ECONOMY REVIEW
For Q2, the Steel Tube division recorded a significant drop in sales tonnage, revenue, and profits. Sentiment
in the pipe and tube sector has been fragile, since the Malaysian General Election, as domestic steel demand
and consumption significantly weakened, due to withheld government project payments. This non-payment to
project contractors caused strain to the entire steel value chain, as contractors defaulted on payments, due to
steel stockists and suppliers. When the steel stockists' cash flows are affected, they naturally hold back placing
consistent orders for Steel Tubes.
The Steel Tube segment registered a sluggish Q3 with decline in sales tonnage, revenue, and profits. The weaker
performance was due to margin squeeze, as a result of rising cost of input materials, which were affected by the
Vale Dam Disaster's effect on Iron Ore prices. At the same time, the annual Chinese New Year celebrations during
the month of January and February, resulted in shorter working periods during the quarter.
The fourth quarter (Q4) results, showed slight improvement with sales revenue increasing marginally by 8.7% to
RM 61.5 million compared to RM 56.6 million in the previous quarter. Q4 also recorded a higher sales tonnage and
pre-tax profit of RM 0.98 million. However, sales did not increase substantially due to weak demand and the Hari
Raya festive season in June.
During the financial year under review, the global and domestic steel industry environment proved to be extremely
challenging, on the back of significant global and domestic economic headwinds, caused by the escalation of the
trade war, between the two largest economies in the world.
Steel, a business which is sensitive to changing winds of economic growth, has been battered by weaker demand,
rising costs of iron ore, and an oversupply of cheap subsidised Chinese steel.
The 25% steel tariff imposed by the US, which was subsequently followed by Europe's 25% steel tariff, have split
the Western market, from the rest of the world, leaving Asia to face the glut of cheap subsidised Chinese made
The Group's CRC subsidiary suffered losses, due to this trade diversion, of cheap CRC, which is dumped into
the vulnerable Malaysian market. Malaysian CRC manufacturers have had to endure unfair competition, from
subsidised foreign CRC producers.
The Group's Steel Tubes and Pipes subsidiary saw decline in sales tonnage, revenue, and profits for the year.
Overall steel demand in Malaysia has been stifled by halted mega projects, and a significant slowdown in the
property and construction sector.
DOMESTIC CRC INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
Hot Rolled Coil ("HRC") steel sheets are the basic raw material used in the production of Cold Rolled Coils ("CRC")
steel sheets. CRC manufacturers, in general, produce two types of CRC, namely:
Scrap Based CRC is considered to be inferior in metallurgical quality, as it contains impurities derived from the
scrap used to manufacture the Scrap Based HRC. Being manufactured from lower quality HRC, Scrap Based
CRC is used by downstream customers, mainly in the Steel Tube and Furniture sectors, which do not require high
- Scrap Based CRC (produced from Scrap Based HRC), and
- Iron Ore Based CRC (produced from Iron Ore Based HRC).
On the other hand, due to its higher quality, the Iron Ore Based CRC is used by a different group of customers,
primarily involved in the production of Steel Drums for the palm oil and petroleum sectors, in the production of
Colour Coated and Galvanized CRC (usually for the manufacture of roof sheet), in the production of Electrical
Appliances mostly comprising of white goods like washing machines, refrigerators, microwaves ovens, rice
cookers, and also in the production of components and parts for the Automotive industry.
Not long ago, all HRC and CRC Steel Manufacturers in Malaysia were Malaysian owned. However, as the years
passed, one after another were either shut down, or taken over by foreign owned steel mills, the latest being YKGI
Holdings Berhad's disposal of its plant and factory to NS Bluescope Sdn Bhd in 2019, due to sustained losses
caused by years of battling cheap imported flat steel products. The last decade has truly been a harsh and hostile
environment for Malaysian Steel mills, with rising domestic cost of electricity, natural gas and minimum wage,
whilst grappling with the turmoil caused by surging steel imports that manipulate Free Trade Agreements ("FTA")
and World Trade Organization ("WTO") laws.
Mycron is one of the last fully operational Malaysian owned and managed flat steel mill in the country. In 2019,
the Group's pipe subsidiary, Melewar Steel Tube ("MST") celebrated its 50th Anniversary and Mycron Steel CRC
("MCRC"), celebrated its 30th Anniversary. Mycron is proud to be part of the journey of the country's goal of
achieving a fully developed nation status. The Government, albeit slowly, has recognised the contribution of the
Malaysian Steel Industry, and is working towards safeguarding local steel mills, such as Mycron, against unfair
trade. Mycron is working closely with the Government to ensure sustainability of the local steel industry.
Exhibit 6 provides details of utilisation rates and total capacity for the domestic CRC industry. Over the past four
years, Malaysian domestic CRC producers have been facing substantial under-utilisation of production capacity,
at 56%, principally due to substantial CRC imports.
Domestic CRC production has dropped by 21% from 742,000 tonnes in 2015, to 589,210 tonnes in 2018, while
CRC imports as a percentage of CRC consumption, stands at 67%. The ratio of imported to domestically produced
CRC is 2:1, which is preposterous for any country that have domestic steel CRC producers.
Exhibit 7 shows the summary of imports of flat steel into Malaysia. Imports of Cold Rolled Coil ("CRC") sheets and
strips are 1,056,266 tonnes, while the combined imports of CRC and CRC Related Products are at an astounding
1,838,236 tonnes, the bulk of which could have been manufactured locally.
To address the surge in CRC imports, Mycron continues to lead the CRC industry, in efforts to address dumped
and subsidised steel imports, which injure the domestic industry, and the welfare of its workers and investors.
Mycron is constantly in dialogue with the Government, about the impact of unscrupulous imports on the domestic
steel industry, and about the need for the domestic steel industry to be protected.
DOMESTIC FLAT STEEL INDUSTRY SUMMARY
In 2018, Malaysia's overall flat steel consumption increased to 6.46 million tonnes, from 6.40 million tonnes the
previous year, an increase of 0.97%. Exhibit 8 provides a breakdown of the domestic flat steel consumption for
the past five years.
The domestic consumption of HRC increased marginally by 0.59% to 1.68 million tonnes.
The consumption of Welded Pipes & Tubes on the other hand decreased by 3.51% to 0.94 million tonnes. The
decrease is attributable to slow market demand in the pipe sector due to mega projects being put on hold and
significant slowdown in the property and construction sector.
On the CRC front, domestic consumption increased by 2.52% to 1.57 million tonnes, from the previous year's 1.53
The domestic CRC manufacturing industry is confident in the execution of the Prime Minister's announced
"Buy Malaysian" policy. Only through such a policy will capacity utilisation increase, which will directly lower
manufacturing cost, create more local jobs, and will earn more tax revenue for the government, for it to support
further economic growth.
Exhibit 9 provides a summary of the overall movement of flat steel in Malaysia for the calendar year 2018.
It will be noted that for CRC, of the 1.57 million tonnes consumed in 2018, 1.06 million tonnes was imported
CRC, compared to only 0.59 million tonnes which was manufactured in Malaysia. With consumption being 67.5%
imported CRC, and only 37.5% Malaysian CRC, and with the Malaysian CRC manufacturers operating at only
56% of capacity utilisation, it is clear that the "Buy Malaysia" policy, is still not yet being fully accepted by the
Once the government agencies move away from their "Open Market Liberal Free Trade" stance, and comply with
the Government's "Buy Malaysia" policy, the survival of the domestic CRC industry will be assured. The world has
moved to a "Protectionist" stance two years ago. It is about time that the Malaysian authorities change their tone,
to be in tune with the world.
In respect of Welded Pipes and Tubes, 313,037 tonnes was imported with 182,392 tonnes being exported,
reflecting the movement of mostly Oil and Gas standard Steel Tubes. Production of domestically manufactured
Steel Tubes was 804,580, which represents 86.0% of domestic consumption of 935,225 tonnes.
HOT ROLLED COIL ("HRC") SUPPLY
Hot Rolled Coil ("HRC") is the key raw material used by the Group, for both its CRC and Steel Tube business
ELECTRICITY AND NATURAL GAS SUPPLY
With no domestic HRC manufacturer in operation, the Group has been importing all its HRC needs from Japan.
International HRC prices declined from August 2018, reaching its lowest point of USD 476 per tonne in December
2018, before gradually increasing from the start of January 2019 (refer to Exhibit 10).
Apart from HRC, which is the core raw material for the manufacture of CRC and Steel Tube, the industry is also a
large consumer of electricity for its rolling plants, and natural gas, which is used to anneal CRC. In the past decade,
Malaysian domestic CRC producers, have experienced substantial price hikes in these two inputs, which have
contributed to significant margin squeeze.
TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT & FUTURE INVESTMENT
As Mycron enters the 4th Industrial Revolution, both Steel Tube and CRC operations are paving way to digitally
transform their operations and adopt a "Lean Manufacturing" philosophy.
MST introduced a Manufacturing Execution System ("MES") which will be integrated into its operations by
improving efficiency, increasing productivity and reducing human error.
MCRC's investment in a new Acid Regeneration Plant ("ARP") and the revamping of its Continuous Pickling Line
("CPL") are in progress. The investment in the state-of-the-art pickling and acid recovery technology, aims to
improve the overall conversion cost, expand into new market segments, and reduce environmental impact through
a close loop acid-recycling system.
Tunku Dato' Yaacob Khyra